Drug Abuse In Pakistan.

  • Increased availability of drugs at low prices.
  • Rapidly changing social norms which place new demands on individuals for which drugs offer a false solution.
  • Lack of jobs and economic frustration.
  • Lack of proper interest in education, peer pressure and negligence of parents.
  • Existence and operation of drug dens.
  • Lack of drug education within the family and in educational institutions.
  • Apathy on the part of community leaders in responding to drug abuse symptoms.
  • Hashish (cannabis) is the most commonly used substance
  • Sedatives and Tranquilizers
  • Heroin
  • Opium
  • Injecting drug use
  • Ecstasy
  • Solvent Abuse among Street Children
  • Opium
  • Heroin
  • Buprenorphine, Sosegon, Codeine, Morphine, Pentazocine are Synthetic Opioids
  • Heroin Users: Heroin remained the most popular drug being abused by 77% or approximately 484,000. These findings mirror those of Drug Abuse Assessment undertaken in 2000 (estimated number of heroin users in 2000 drug abuse assessment was 500,000). Given the massive increase of opium and heroin production in neighboring Afghanistan this stability in prevalent rates is a notable achievement.
  • Age Group: The opioid users fall in the age bracket of 15–64 years which is very high rate.
  • Over the last one decade the drug abuse problem has become more complicated as the number of IDUs has doubled. There are an estimated 125,000 injecting drug users
  • It is important to note that in the year 2000 the absolute number of injecting drug users in Pakistan was 60,000, which almost doubled in 2006, an alarming trend that needs to be addressed on priority
  • In 1990’s the proportion of injecting users was reported between 2 and 8 percent of opiod users
  • In 2000 injecting was reported among 15 percent (60,000)
  • In 2006 up to 29 percent (125,000) injected drugs.
  • Cannabis is the most commonly used substance followed by sedatives and tranquilizers, such as benzodiazepines, heroin, opium and other opiates
  • Ecstasy & cocaine (ATS) are emerging drugs especially among youth belonging to the higher socio-economic groups in some urban centres in Pakistan
  • Inhalant abuse is common among street children.
  • Average age of initiation of drug use is 18 years
  • Majority of drug users interviewed had used Charas (Cannabis) as the first substance in their lifetime
  • Influence of friends or peer pressure
  • Social and family stresses
  • Sibling or other family member’s use of drugs
  • To heighten sexual pleasure
  • To overcome frustrations/tragedies
  • As pain medication

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